Feb 17

Asperger’s Syndrome

Asperger’s syndrome is a developmental disorder in which people have severe difficulties understanding how to interact socially.

People with Asperger’s syndrome may not recognize verbal and nonverbal cues or understand normal social rules, such as taking turns in talking or recognizing personal space.

Asperger’s syndrome and autism belong to a class of disorders called developmental disorders.

Asperger’s syndrome shares some similarities with autism.

Like those with autism, children with Asperger’s syndrome have abnormal social interactions, facial expressions, and gestures, and unusually focused interests.

Unlike those with autism, children with Asperger’s syndrome usually have normal intelligence and language development Children with Asperger’s syndrome have a better outlook than those with other developmental disorders.

Asperger’s syndrome affects males more than females. Its cause is unknown, although it tends to run in families.

Feb 17

Resolving the conflicts: Oedipus Complex and Electra Complex-

Sigmund Freud believed that;in order to develop into a successful adult with a healthy identity, the child must identify with the same-sex.

Freud suggested that while the primitive id wants to eliminate the father or mother, the more realistic ego knows that the father or mother is much stronger and bigger.

According to Freud, the boy then experiences what he called castration anxiety – a fear of both literal and figurative emasculation.

Freud believed that as the child becomes aware of the physical differences between males and females, and that his father will also castrate him as a punishment for desiring his mother.

In order to resolve the conflict, the boy then identifies with his father, and the girl identifies with her mother. It is at this point that the super-ego is formed.

The super-ego becomes a sort of inner moral authority, an internalization of the father or mother figure that strives to suppress the urges of the id and make the ego act upon these idealistic standards.

Sigmund Freud

Feb 17

Kleptomania

Kleptomania is a complex disorder characterized by repeated, failed attempts to stop stealing.

It is often seen in patients who are chemically dependent or who have a coexisting mood, anxiety, or eating disorder.

People with this disorder have an overwhelming urge to steal and get a thrill from doing so.

The recurrent act of stealing may be restricted to specific objects and settings. People with this disorder usually exhibit guilt after the theft.

Feb 17

FREUD ELECTRA COMPLEX CONCEPT

In contrast of Oedipus Complex, Freud was more hazy on the Electra Complex. The complex has its roots in the little girl’s discovery that she lacks the penis which her father and other men posses.
Her love for her father then becomes both erotic and envious as she yearns for a penis of her own.

She comes to blame her mother for her apparent castration, and is struck by penis envy, the apparent counterpart to the boy’s castration anxiety.

Feb 17

Phallic Stage: Part V

IDENTIFICATION

Identification is an important psychological matter that should take place during Phallic stage before any fixation at Oedipus Complex .
When a boy falls in love with his mother during the phallic stage, and wish to kill the father, so the fixation had already occurred.
Before any fixation takes place in the phallic stage, parents must create an environment that the boy identifies with his father.
Parents can help the child to resolve this jealousy problem, so he can posses his mother while he is very good friend with his father too.
This identification will help the boy successfully go through the Phallic stage and start a period of the latency period without any problem.
Right identification can also help the boy into his appropriate sexual role in life.

Feb 17

Child Abuse

Physical Abuse is defined as non-accidental trauma or physical injury caused by slapping, punching, beating, kicking, biting, burning or otherwise harming a child.

Physical abuse is the most visible form of child mistreatment.

Many times, physical abuse results from inappropriate or excessive physical discipline.
A parent in anger may be unaware of the magnitude of the force with which he or she strikes the child.

Other factors that can contribute to child abuse include parents’ irresponsibility, lack of parenting skills, poor childhood experiences and social isolation, drug or alcohol problems and domestic violence.

Feb 17

E S T P Personality

E S T P is an Extroverted Sensing with Thinking Perception,E S T P people often feel motivated by their interaction with people.

They tend to enjoy a wide circle of acquaintances, and they gain energy in social situations.E S T P people are more visible than abstract.

They turn their attention on the details rather than the big picture, and on immediate realities rather than future possibilities.

E S T P people tend to rely on objective criteria rather than personal values.When making decisions, they typically produce more power to logic than to social considerations.

 

Carl Jung

Dec 18

T R I C H O T I L L O M A N I A

T R I C H O T I L L O M A N I A  OR PULLING HAIR

It is a hair-pulling disorder, this is a mental disorder that involves an irresistible urge to pull out hair.
This behavior occurs to the point of noticeable hair loss.

The most common areas for hair pulling are the scalp, eyelashes, and eyebrows, but may involve hair anywhere on the body.

T R I C H O T I L L O M AN I A
It is always a type of impulse control disorder. Impulse control disorders are mental illnesses that involve the repeated failure to resist impulses, or urges, to act in ways that are dangerous or harmful.

In children, T r i c h o t i l l o m a n i a occurs equally in males and females.
In adults, it is more common in women than in men.
For some people, this impulse disorder may be mild and generally manageable.
For others, the urge to pull hair is overwhelming and can be accompanied by considerable distress.
Some treatment options have helped many people reduce their hair pulling or stop entirely.

Dec 18

CARL JUNG (Personality Theory) Part I

Carl Jung created eight-distinct personality types. Introversion and Extroversion, and four functions for each one.
• Extroversion – Our energy moves toward the outer world of people, places and things; the world outside of us.

• Introversion – Our energy moves toward the inner world of thoughts and ideas; the world inside of us.

The essence of Jung’s theory of psychological types is simple; when Our minds are active and we are awake, we are flashing between taking in information and making decisions in our internal and external worlds.

Jung identified:
1. Extraverted Thinking———Outward and active focus.
2. Introverted Thinking———-Inward and reflective focus.
3. Extraverted Sensing———-Outward and active focus.
4. Introverted Sensing———–Inward and reflective focus.
5. Extraverted Intuition———Outward and active focus.
6. Introverted Intuition———-Inward and reflective focus.
7. Extraverted Feeling———Outward and active focus.
8. Introverted Feeling———–Inward and reflective focus

Dec 18

Freudian Child Development Part II

Phallic Stage 

According to Freud, children go through five psycho sexual stages of development:
You already studied Oral Stage, and Anal Stage.

Phallic Stage which is the third and one of the MOST important stages of psycho sexual development.
The third psycho sexual stage of development is called Phallic Stage. This extents from approximately 3 to 6 years old. During the Phallic Stage, the child becomes interested in his/her genitalia, as well as the genitalia of the people around them.
Children become aware of the sexual differences between males and females. As a result, a conflict arises, which Freud termed the “Oedipus Complex” ( the “Electra Complex” in women).
The phallic stage is the most important stage and for the greatest, most crucial sexual conflict in Freud’s model of development.
In this stage, the child’s erogenous zone is the genital region.
As the child becomes more interested in his/her own genitals, and in the genitals of others, conflict arises.
The conflict is labeled the “Oedipus complex” (The “Electra complex” in women), involves the child’s unconscious desire to possess the opposite-sexed parent and to eliminate the same-sexed one.

In the young male, the Oedipus conflict begins from his natural love for his mother, a love which becomes sexual as his libidal energy transfers from the anal region to his genitals.

Terminology:
Erogenous= producing sexual excitement
Oedipus Complex= The Oedipal Complex is a term used by Sigmund Freud in his theory of psychosexual stages of development to describe boy’s feelings of desire for his mother and jealousy and anger toward his father. He is in competition with his father to possess the mother.
Libido= in psychoanalytic theory is derived from primitive biological urges.

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