Oct 26

Freudian Defense Mechanisms: Part 1

Why Defense Mechanism?

In an attempt to protect ourselves, we use defense mechanisms, sometimes several times a day, while MODERN psychology does not focus on the id, the ego, and the superego any more. However, defense mechanisms cannot be out of focus in modern psychology too.

Defense Mechanisms arise as the body’s own sieve (COLANDER), filtering out an alternative reality in favor of the reality that the mind prefers.What here follows are the most common defense mechanisms as Freud saw them.

1) *PROJECTION- in this mechanism, an individual puts the blame of his own failure upon others and some unfavorable factors of his environment. Simply, that is blaming others for his/her mistakes.

Example 1:

Sara comes late to the class, and he excuses by saying that the bus or train was late or there was a traffic jam.

Example 2:

Sara fails the math test, and she blames the noises from outside which did not let her to concentrate.

2) *SUBLIMATION- It is a defense mechanism in which unacceptable desires are redirected into socially accepted channels.

People who does sublimation, they redirect their impulses into socially acceptable activities.

This is a good defense mechanism and is very constructive and helpful to some adults.

According to Freud: Fantasy is a kind of Sublimation, when a person is fantasizing, he uses his Defense Mechanism, and it is the channeling of unacceptable or unattainable desires into imagination.Example:

Anita wanted to be a great painter; even though she couldn’t  She was fantasizing all her paints are displayed in museums, sometimes, imagining one’s ultimate career goals that can be helpful when one experiences temporary delay in academic achievement.

Freud believed that sublimation was a sign of maturity that allows people to function normally in socially acceptable ways.

Sublimation is one of the best Defense Mechanism for human being.

Example :
•Sara is angry and feeling to fight with people. He goes out and do some exercises such as kick boxing, weight lifting, 100 push ups  ,Sara ends up with a body that all the anger feelings and energy has come out. He has filtered his anger and nobody is harmed.

Finally, Freud believed that the greatest achievements in civilization were due to the
effective use of S* U* B* L* I* M* A* T* I* O*N*

It would be long and very lengthy to talk about all this eleven-important defensive mechanism ; therefore, this 11 defense mechanism will be talked in several parts.


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