Dec 07

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Dec 07

Children and Psycho sexual Stages of Development Part I

According to Freud, Children Go Through Five Psychosexual Stages of Development:

Freudian Child Development: Oral Stage
The oral stage begins at birth and continues until the child is approximately 1 ½ years old. During this

stage the erogenous zone is the mouth. The child derives pleasure from nursing his/her mother’s breast and from orally exploring his/her environment by placing objects in the mouth.
The consequences of not moving through this stage successfully are developing a psychological fixation. This can be produced through orally aggressive behavior such as: chewing gum, ice, or even the ends of pencils.
Freudian Child Development: Anal Stage:
The second psycho sexual stage of development is the anal stage, which spans from approximately 1 and 1/2 to 3 years old. The erogenous zone for the child changes from the mouth to the anus. The consequences of a psychological fixation in this stage are what Freud refers to “anal retentive.” When adults are anal retentive, they are obsessively organized and/or excessively neat.
Another consequence is what Freud refers to as “anal expulsive,” which is a person who is careless, defiant, reckless, and disorganized.

Dec 07

Major Differences Between Freud and Jung

1- Freud and Jung were good friends for many years, and Jung considered Freud as a good mentor.

2- They both believed in the matter of the unconscious mind; especially in interpreting the dreams, but Jung believed unconscious mind has many layers as you fans saw a post on Wednesday .

3- Freud’s line of thoughts agreed with Charles Darwin and Karl Marx with respect to religion.4- Carl Jung thought religion is an important matter in developing personality.

When Jung did officially break from Freud; then, the hostility began growing between the two.

For example:
Here is a piece of one of those letters that Carl Jung wrote to Freud. Please read carefully and you see the antagonism yourself.

“…your technique of treating your pupils like patients is a *blunder. In that way you produce either *slavish sons or *impudent *puppies… I am objective enough to see through your little *trick” (McGuire, 1974).

 

Dec 05

Emptiness

Some people say the human soul is like a perfect mirror,
reflecting life, love and existence.Others say it is a like a clear lake,upon which a life is reflected.

But, we should not think of the soul as anything at all.
More specifically, we should not see it as discrete and separate from our self and the rest of creation.

We are indeed one with everything.Thus, the “concept” of a soul as a separate entity is an empty idea.
For, the soul does reflect our lives and mirror our existence. It does so without being separate or distinct from us.
To understand our soul, we must transcend all distinctions,resolve all contradictions and apparent opposites,and see the oneness in ourselves, others and the Universe.When this is done, the soul does indeed reflect.Like a perfect mirror, seemingly nothing in itself,but pure reflection.

The Secret of the Golden Flower

Emptiness -

Some people say the human soul is like a perfect mirror,reflecting life, love and existence.Others say it is a like a clear lake,upon which a life is reflected.

But, we should not think of the soul as anything at all.More specifically, we should not see it as discrete and separate from our self and the rest of creation.

We are indeed one with everything.Thus, the “concept” of a soul as a separate entity is an empty idea.For, the soul does reflect our lives and mirror our existence. It does so without being separate or distinct from us.To understand our soul, we must transcend all distinctions,resolve all contradictions and apparent opposites,
and see the oneness in ourselves, others and the Universe.When this is done, the soul does indeed reflect,Like a perfect mirror, seemingly nothing in itself,but pure reflection.
The Secret of the Golden Flower

Dec 05

Transactional Analysis

Transactional analysis, is an integrative approach to the theory of psychology and psychotherapy. It is described as integrative because it has elements of psychoanalytic, humanist and cognitive approaches. TA was first developed by Canadian-born US psychiatrist Eric Berne, starting in the late 1950s.

Outline

According to the International Transactional Analysis Association, TA ‘is a theory of personality and a systematic psychotherapy for personal growth and personal change’.

1. As a theory of personality, TA describes how people are structured psychologically. It uses what is perhaps its best known model, the ego-state (Parent-Adult-Child) model, to do this. The same model helps explain how people function and express their personality in their behavior
2. It is a theory of communication that can be extended to the analysis of systems and organisations.
3. It offers a theory for child development by explaining how our adult patterns of life originated in childhood. This explanation is based on the idea of a “Life (or Childhood) Script”: the assumption that we continue to re-play childhood strategies, even when this results in pain or defeat. Thus it claims to offer a theory of psychopathology.
4. In practical application, it can be used in the diagnosis and treatment of many types of psychological disorders and provides a method of therapy for individuals, couples, families and groups.
5. Outside the therapeutic field, it has been used in education to help teachers remain in clear communication at an appropriate level, in counselling and consultancy, in management and communications training and by other bodies.

Dec 05

The Concept of Persona in Jungian Theory

Has ever anyone told you?
“B E  Y O U R S E L F !”
The word persona itself is derived from the Greek word for MASK, and it is one of the:

Five Jungian Archetypes.The persona is how we present ourselves to the world.

The persona represents all of the different social mask that we wear among different groups and situations.

Why do we wear this masks or ?

Masks act to protect the ego from negative images among the friends, and in the society.

According to Carl Jung: the persona may appear in dreams and take a number of different forms.

Therefore, the mask that people wear to hide their true selves from society is called persona in Jungian theory.
Mask is helping the person to get an instant connection and pleasure with outside world.
It is also like the magic eyeglasses that people wear to view the world according to what they wish. NOT what it is!

This mask may provide some joy and pleasure, but in long term it will create anxiety, depression, and psychological conditions.

Dec 05

Freudian Defense Mechanisms Part V

In order to deal with conflicts and problems in life, Freud stated that the Ego employs a range of defense mechanisms.

Why Defense Mechanisms?

Defense Mechanisms operate at an unconscious level and help deflect unpleasant feelings (such as: anxiety). Defense Mechanisms make the things good for the individual to feel better .

1) *Projection- Talked about that
2) *Sublimation- Talked about that
3) *Repression- Talked about that
4) *Regression- Talked about that
5)*Rationalization- Talked about that
6) *Compensation- Talked about that
7)*Identification- Talked about that
8) *Displacement- Talked about that
This Week:

9)*Withdrawal

Some persons withdraw themselves from the circumstances that causes tension, frustration, or pain.

Examples:

Sara has gone through a harsh divorce and painful separation from her husband. She feels like running away from everybody very far , so she does not have to face people.

Sara is being humiliated and laughed at her school by her friends ;she isolates herself, and not liking going school.

10)*Day Dreaming
It is a defense mechanism which sometimes helps in making adjustment for the real things
Day Dreaming is to indulge in building castles in the air or imagination.
A young man who has been rejected in being a soccer athletics dreams of becoming an athletic and feels satisfaction in the imaginary world.

11) *Sympathy
It is a defense mechanism in which a person offers a sympathy, understanding or compassion in others in a difficult situation.

Dec 03

Freudian Defense Mechanisms Part IV

Why Defense Mechanisms?

In Biology, a physiological reaction of an organism used in self-protection, as against infection.

But, in Psychology any of the various unconscious mental processes, including denial, projection, rationalization, and repression, that protect the ego from shame, anxiety, conflict, loss of self-esteem, or other unacceptable feelings or thoughts.

1) *Projection- Talked about that.
2) *Sublimation- Talked about that.
3) *Repression- Talked about that.
4) *Regression- Talked about that.
5)*Rationalization- Talked about that.
6) *Compensation- Talked about that.

This week:
7-Identification*
It is a process which may operate outside and beyond conscious awareness.
Hero worshiping by an individual is a sort of identification where an individual identifies himself/ herself with a popular hero/heroes .

Example:
Carlo during his curriculum’s as a student ; he got familiar with many theories and clinical practices such as: Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Erick Erickson, Jean Piaget, Victor Frankl, Bruno Bethlehem and Carl Rogers .
Then, later Carlo noticed that he has more passion, excitement, thrill, pleasure, and enjoyment for Carl Rogers.
Carlo has slowly identified himself more with Carl Rogers than others.
Identifying is not what Carlo decided to do.
It is more like a passion and an eagerness that he has had for an style and elegance of someone’s work.

You see that he did not decide about that; it is something that has happened; like an epiphany. It happens unconsciously without a person to decide about that.

8-Displacement*
An individual does something as a substitute for something else.
Displacement involves taking out our frustrations, feelings and impulses on people or objects that are less threatening.

Example:
Sara gets angry with her husband and cannot say anything to him, Sara beats her child.
Example 2:
Carlo have had a really bad day at work and then, he has gone home and taken out his frustration on family and friends.
Here Sara took it on her child, and Carlo took it on her wife.
Most of the people displace their aggression on something else.

Dec 03

The Concept of Shadow by Carl Jung

Our shadow is dark, unclear, obscure, unknown, and it will potentially troubling and disturbing us and others.

The shadow expresses chaos, wildness, craziness, and madness of our character. The shadow

 tends NOT to obey rules; shadow forces us into chaos and battle.

We may see the shadow in other people easily and, if we *DARE, know it in ourselves, and talk about it.

Mostly, we deny shadow in ourselves and project it onto others. It is very easy to see the shadow in others.

Our shadow may appear in dreams, hallucinations and in our deep thoughts, as often as something, or someone who is bad, fearsome or shameful in some way.

Our shadow may seduce people through false friendship or threaten and hurt others with insensitive heart, and brutal way.
Shadow can make us to close our eyes to the facts and to see someone all bad.

Encounters with our shadow, as a part of the subconscious mind, may reveal deeper thoughts and fears.

Our shadow does crazy and weird things; our shadow may also take over direct physical action when the person is confused, astonished or drugged.

Carl Jung suggested that the best place the shadow can appear is in dreams, thoughts, visions, and it may take a variety of forms:

As a snake, a monster, a devil, a dragon, or some other dark, wild or exotic figure.

A powerful goal that some of us can do is to accept our shadow. Then, to re-integrate the shadow, the dark sides together, and changing the dark sides into the light sides.
Consequently; we would find our real character and our authentic self.

Dec 03

The Concept of “SELF” in JUNGIAN Psychology

The self is an archetype that represents the unification of the unconsciousness and consciousness of an individual.

The creation of the self occurs through a process known as
*INDIVIDUATION*

, in which the various aspects of personality are integrated together.

For Carl Jung, the *SELF* is not just “ME” but “god.” Carl Jung believed that individual get connected with his or her spirit.

It is the spirit that connects and is part of the universe. It is the coherent of whole that unifies both:

*CONSCIOUSNESS*

And

*UNCONSCIOUSNESS.*

This idea of self has been found in other principles as
NIRVANA:

(Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism): the attainment of enlightenment and freeing of the self from attachment to worldly things, basically, it is an ultimate experience of some pleasurable emotion such as harmony or joy. It is very much spiritual and overjoyed harmony.

Enlightenment and freeing of the self is usually a goal for all the Buddha Monk. Some believe the idea is taken from Hinduism and Buddhism by Carl Jung.

Therefore; the ‘re-birth’ is a process of becoming aware of oneself and Carl Jung calls it *individuation* and that is returning to the *WHOLENESS* of birth, before we start to split our selves into many parts.

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